Both ovulation and menstruation are inhibited. The uterus, to accommodate the fetus, also progressively increases in size, being 50 gr., Normal state, can weigh a kilo in the last months of pregnancy.
The breasts increase in size, appear vomiting, and nausea, increased urination as well as the desire for sleep.
Given these and other changes experienced by women during pregnancy, should be answered through an adequate nutrient intake. This does not mean eating for two, and in an exaggerated manner, but must be nurtured to ensure both the nutrition of the baby as his own.
The fundamental change is the formation of new tissues of both women, placenta and fetus. Moreover, given the weight gain is experienced, it should also increase caloric intake, to maintain all vital functions.
This requires a diet or a balanced diet, varied and correct. The role of food will ensure both the health of the baby and mother. Therefore, feeding during these 9 months should not be subject to fads or topics almost always misunderstandings that can lead to considerable danger for both.
Tips to consider:
1. It is always best to choose fresh foods, avoid canned, cooked, frozen or ready to eat.
2. With regard to ways of cooking, the best are grilled, steamed, boiled or baked.
3. Do not take fried, chipped, sautéed and breaded daily, consuming only very occasionally.
4. Avoid high fat meats, sausages and meats.
5. Both oil and spices, should be used sparingly.
6. The salt should be reduced to avoid possible fluid retention, especially during the last quarter.
7. Avoid foods in sauces, salted, smoked and spicy too.
8. Should not abuse the bakery or pastry kneaded as they provide too much saturated fat and calories.
9. Drink plenty of water. Drink at least 2 liters of water per day. The main reason is to keep the body hydrated as dehydration in pregnancy can have serious consequences. During pregnancy the increase in hormones causes the body to retain water. Why drinking plenty of water helps to combat this problem becoming the best natural diuretic. It also prevents constipation, reduces nausea, removes the excess sodium, improves skin and prevent urinary tract infections among other benefits.
10. Abstain completely from drinking any alcoholic beverage, as the alcohol is a cause of fetal abnormalities. Never forget that the fetus come all substances ingested by the mother.
11. Do not overdo the intake of seafood because they may cause allergic reactions.
12. It is advisable to include a serving of calf’s liver a week because of its high vitamin contents.
13. The fruits and vegetables should be added daily.
14. Avoided whenever possible and sweetened soft drinks as their caloric intake is high and its nutritive value is zero.
15. Resounding NO to snuff. Smoking completely undermines the baby due to carbon monoxide toxicity. Also causes a decrease in oxygen that reaches the fetus as by constriction of blood vessels caused by nicotine. The result of a smoking mother is a baby with low weight at birth as well as other serious consequences.
16. The contribution of fiber is essential to avoid problems with constipation. Moderate exercise also stimulates intestinal motility and promotes daily evacuation.
17. Do not take drugs or medication except under medical prescription.
To verify that a pregnant woman eats properly, you should always control the weight gain in every medical supervision. The additional energy intake for pregnant women is up to 300 Kcal. more, with respect to a woman who is in a state of gestation.
Weight gain is considered normal is at 9.5 and 11.5 kg. It is advisable to excessive weight gain because it has significant risks during the time of delivery and may also cause increased blood glucose and blood pressure in the mother. The weight gain begins to be felt from the second quarter, where the normal is increased about 400 gr. per week.