Hormone therapy is the most effective form of drug treatment menopause-related complaints. It is recommended primarily when the symptoms are so severe that the quality of life of women is considerably limited. Because controversy is that the hormone therapy for hot flashes and night sweats is extremely effective, and may also help protect against osteoporosis. For hot flashes, which occur in a short period of menopause, hormones are an effective remedy for the complaints. Here, however, taken only over a short period of estrogen and / or progesterone, so that the long-term risks may be neglected. By hormone replacement therapy skills such as memory performance and memory will probably improve, too. In addition, the hormone also has a preventive effect when it is used long term.
Estrogens and progestins are the female sex hormones. Through menopause change concentration and mode of action of hormones.
The sex hormones are used for development of male and female sexual characteristics, growth, physical and psychological maturation, and reproduction. These include, nucleation, pregnancy and milk production. Sex hormones are produced by both sexes, but in different proportions. The male sex hormones are grouped into the androgens, including testosterone and dihydrotestosterone. However, androgens are also produced in the ovaries and the adrenal glands of women. The main estrogen is 17-β-estradiol, while progesterone is an important hormone progesterone.